The majority of experts believe that unmanned vehicles, robotics nurses and secretaries will be the norm in 10 years, but they have different attitudes towards this future. The American pollsters Pew Research Center, conducted a survey of 1,800 scientists, economists and other analysts, on the theme of the impact of robots on the labor market. Sociologists have asked them to give a detailed answer to the question: Wheather in 2025 the robots will not take from people more jobs than they will create. The survey results were published on August 6, reported Live Science.
Among the experts, the pessimists and the optimists were equally. Optimists – 52 percent – say that as a result of the technological revolutions in history more jobs have been discovered than disappeared. People will be more engaged in the creative professions, which will solve problems requiring unexpected solutions, critical thinking and empathy. In addition, many other will successfully switch to the natural economy, and they will make furniture and other things.
48 percent of the pessimists have expressed concern about the future of the labor market.
„Automatic cars and trucks will destroy the professions like taxi and truck driver, which are employing hundreds of thousands of American men,“ – says Stowe Boyd (Stowe Boyd), a leading researcher in the company GigaOM. The technological progress has destroyed the jobs of the „blue collar“ (workers in the workplace), and now also got the „white“ (office workers). Robots threaten to displace people in the sector with low-paying jobs in the service sector or in the worst case will cause long-term unemployment.
Optimists and pessimists agree that the education system in developed countries is too conservative and does not prepare students to compete with robots. Finally, all experts believe that the power over the future is still in the hands of people, not robots, and the public can decide in what direction it will be developed.