The ancient hunters and gatherers may have voluntarily given up social equity and agreed to live under the rule of the powerful rulers, say the authors of a study published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B.
The historians still do not know how primitive equality has been replaced by a rigid hierarchy in the first civilizations (for example Egyptian and Mesopotamian) with their huge differences in wealth and power between the monarch and the people. It is not clear for what reasons people have agreed to live in a hierarchically organized team.
Since archeology does not say much about this transition, Simon Powers, a specialist in evolutionary anthropology at the University of Lausanne (Switzerland), has created a mathematical model of the dynamics of social development among the small group of people. The model takes into account the attitude of each individual to the power, the pros and cons of joining a larger collective, the inheritance from the children of the parents’ values and the impact of the social changing structure of the group in size and economic efficiency.